Skin Types and Application Uses With The AETHEION® Series of Products

October 10, 2020
4 minutes

According to dermatology, there are five skin types: Normal Skin, Sensitive Skin, Dry Skin, Oily Skin, and Combination Skin.

What Type of Skin Do I Have?

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Normal Skin

A velvety, soft, and smooth texture is a sign of healthy and radiant skin.

There is no such thing as normal skin. You have your standard, and someone else has theirs. So normal will be a combination, dry or oily. If you want to make a category, normal skin can tolerate most things without overreacting.

“Normal” skin is healthy and well hydrated. Normal skin makes enough sebum to hydrate the skin, so, in reality, normal skin is oily skin with just enough sebum production to keep skin healthy. "Healthy skin" would be a better word, but that is not an actual skin type either.

How to identify normal skin:

Normal Skin

Normal skin has:

  • Fine Pores
  • Good Blood Circulation
  • A velvety soft, and smooth texture
  • Not blemishes
  • And it is not prone to sensitivity

Sensitive Skin

This type of skin may have acne, rosacea, or contact dermatitis, a type of red, itchy rash. It may also be especially prone to stinging or burning.

This skin is prone to inflammation. People with sensitive skin may have acne, rosacea, or contact dermatitis, a type of red, itchy rash. Sensitive skin may also be especially prone to stinging or burning. 

People with this type of skin may overreact to certain ingredients, so they should avoid overly harsh compounds in all their beauty products beyond skincare. For example, people with acne should avoid isopropyl myristate, a popular ingredient in hair conditioners.

To avoid irritation, people with sensitive skin should avoid friction, excessive heat, and triggers like alcohol or stress, if those tend to affect your skin. This type of skin isn’t necessarily permanent, but rather one that can be caused if you over scrub or over-exfoliate or use overly harsh products.

How to identify sensitive skin:

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin has:

  • The skin may present stains or rash
  • Soft skin layers
  • Easily Irritated

Dry Skin

Internal and external factors can disrupt the skin's hydration ability.

The number one sign that you have this type of skin is if it appears dull and lifeless. It looks dull because it’s often covered in a layer of dead skin cells. Light reflects off these rough skin cells in all different directions, whereas if your skin is hydrated, it has a smooth surface that reflects light evenly, and so appears more radiant.

Many factors can lead to dryness in the skin, including sun exposure, hot showers, and over-exfoliating with some products like salicylic or glycolic acid.

How to identify this type of skin:

Dry Skin

It ranges from skin that is a little bit drier than usual, to dehydrated skin to extremely dry skin. The differences can generally be distinguished by:

Dry skin

  • Mildly dry skin can feel tight, brittle, and rough.
  • Looks dull. 
  • Skin elasticity is also low.

Very dry skin

If the dryness is not treated, the skin may develop:

  • Mild scaling or flakiness in patches 
  • A rough and blotchy appearance (sometimes it appears to be prematurely aged)
  • A feeling of tightness 
  • Possible itchiness
  • It is also more sensitive to irritation, redness, and the risk of infection.

Dehydrated skin

Certain areas of the body – particularly hands, feet, elbows, and knees – are prone to:

  • Roughness
  • Chapping with a tendency to form rhagades (cracks)
  • Calluses
  • Scaling
  • Frequent itchiness

Dehydrated skin is most commonly found on the elderly or severely dry hands.

Oily Skin

This type of skin can be characterized by enlarged and visible pores.

The skin secretes natural oils to keep itself moisturized, but this process can go into overdrive for people with oily skin, especially if they have larger pores. This can create an oily film on your face throughout the day, as well as frequent breakouts.

If you have over oiled skin, you should avoid using thick creams and moisturizers. However, that doesn’t mean you should skip hydration altogether. Greasy skin can still be dry because oil and water are two different things. 

Hydrating this type of skin with hyaluronic acid, an ingredient found in many moisturizers, is a great addition. Hyaluronic acid helps the skin retain water without leaving a greasy film on the top layer.

How to identify this type of skin:

Oily Skin

This skin has:

  • Enlarged, clearly visible pores.
  • A glossy shine.
  • Thicker, pale skin: blood vessels may not be visible.

Combination Skin

An oily T-Zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and dryer cheeks indicate this type of skin.

There’s not a universal definition for this. The type of skin can change seasonally. A combination means you are dry in winter and oily in summer. Some people incorrectly use it to indicate oily in the T-zone, but this is classified as an oily type. Combination skin tends to be oilier in the forehead and nose, where you have more oil glands and drier on the cheeks. Sometimes around the mouth can be both dry and oily and more sensitive in general.

How to identify combination skin:

Combination Skin

Combination skin has:

  • An oily T-zone, forehead, nose, and chin.
  • Enlarged pores with some impurities.
  • Familiar to dry cheeks.
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