Sunburn is a type of skin damage that occurs when exposed to too much ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The sun's UV rays can cause sunburn, premature aging of the skin, and other skin problems. Even if you don't get sunburned, exposure to UV rays can increase your risk of skin cancer.
There are two types of sunburn: first-degree and second-degree. First-degree sunburns are mild and cause redness and swelling. Second-degree sunburns are more severe and can cause blistering.
Sunburn can be painful and cause sunburn peeling. Sunburn can also lead to dehydration, so drinking plenty of fluids is essential. Below are some tips on preventing sunburns and what to put on peeling sunburn for it to heal faster.
Several factors can increase your risk of sunburn:
- Time of day: The sun's UV rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Altitude: The higher you are, the closer you are to the sun, and the greater your risk of sunburn.
- Clouds: Cloud cover does not provide much protection from UV rays.
- Sun angle: The sun's rays are more direct in the spring and summer than in the fall and winter. They are also more direct at lower latitudes (closer to the equator) than at higher latitudes (farther from the equator).
- Reflection: Water, sand, snow, and concrete reflect UV rays, increasing your risk of sunburn.
- Skin type: People with fair skin are more likely to get a sunburn than people with darker skin.
- Sun exposure: The more time you spend in the sun, the greater your risk of sunburn.
- Sunscreen: Not all sunscreen is equally effective. Be sure to read the label to determine how much protection it provides and how often you need to reapply it.
Sunburn can cause several short-term and long-term consequences.
Sunburn can cause many short-term consequences, including:
- Peeling skin
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek medical help. Sunburn can lead to dehydration, so it is vital to drink plenty of fluids. In severe cases, sunburn can cause shock and even death.
Sunburn can also cause long-term consequences, including:
- Premature aging of the skin
- Skin cancer
- Eye damage
- Immune system suppression
Sunburn can cause premature aging of the skin. Exposure to UV rays can break down collagen, the protein that gives skin its elasticity. This exposure can lead to wrinkles, sagging skin, and age spots. Sunburn can also increase your risk of skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. The two most common types are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
These types of skin cancer are usually curable if caught early. Melanoma, a more aggressive form of skin cancer, is less common but more deadly. Sunburn can also cause eye damage, including cataracts, macular degeneration, and cancer of the eye. Sunburn can also suppress the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight off infections.
The best way to prevent sunburn is to avoid exposure to UV rays. When you are in the sun, wear protective clothing, including a hat, a long-sleeved shirt, and long pants. Apply sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to all exposed skin. Be sure to reapply sunscreen every two hours or more if you are swimming or sweating. Seek shade when possible, and limit your time in the sun. Remember that UV rays can penetrate clouds, so you need to be careful on cloudy days.
Here are a few tips on how to prevent sunburn peeling:
- Take a cool bath or shower: This will help relieve pain and swelling. Avoid using soap, as it can further irritate the skin and result in sunburn peeling.
- Apply aloe vera gel: What to put on a peeling sunburn? Aloe vera will help soothe the skin.
- Apply a moisturizer: This will help prevent the skin from drying out and is one of the best solutions in terms of how to stop sunburn peeling.
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever: This will help relieve pain and inflammation.
- Drink plenty of fluids: This will help prevent dehydration and further sunburn peeling.
If your sunburn is severe, blisters are present, or you experience fever, chills, or nausea, it is essential to seek medical help. These could be signs of sun poisoning.
Sunburn can be painful and uncomfortable, but there are ways to prevent it from peeling. You can help your skin heal and avoid further damage by following these tips.