As we age, our skin changes. It becomes thinner and less elastic. The fatty tissues below the skin decrease and bruises happen more quickly. There is less blood flow to the skin, so healing takes longer. And skin cells die off more quickly. Aging skin is more fragile and susceptible to injury. Skin changes are most noticeable on the hands, face, neck, and arms — the body parts that get the most sun exposure.
There are different types of skin changes that happen as we age:
Wrinkles are usually caused by sun damage, repeated facial expressions, gravity, sleeping positions, and smoking.
Age spots (also called liver spots) are tiny dark areas on your skin. They're usually found on the face, chest, hands, and arms; areas that get a lot of sun exposure.
Skin tags are small, flesh-colored, or brown growths. They tend to occur in skin folds, such as the neck, armpit, or groin area.
Dry skin is common in older adults. It might itch, flake, crack or bleed.
Sagging skin happens as gravity pulls down on the skin and the underlying tissues break down.
Thin skin is more fragile, and bruises happen more quickly.
Changes in texture can make the skin feel thinner, harder, or leathery.
Poor blood circulation makes it hard for wounds to heal.
Sweat glands produce less sweat, so the skin might not stay as moist and smooth.
The sebaceous glands (which make oil) get smaller with age, making skin dryer.
Many things contribute to skin changes as we age:
The loss of collagen and elastin: These are proteins that give skin its structure. As we age, our bodies make less collagen and elastin, and the existing proteins break down. This makes the skin thinner, less elastic, and more fragile.
The sun: Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun damage skin cells, which causes wrinkles and age spots.
Repeated facial expressions: Laughing, smiling, and raising your eyebrows can create fine lines around your eyes, mouth, and forehead over time.
Smoking: This speeds up the skin aging process by restricting blood flow and damaging collagen and elastin.
Poor nutrition: A diet lacking specific nutrients, such as vitamin C, can contribute to skin changes.
Gravity: As you age, gravity pulls down your skin, which can cause sagging.
Hormonal changes: Less oil is produced by the sebaceous glands as we age, making skin drier. Changes in hormone levels during menopause can also cause skin changes.
There are things you can do to help prevent or slow down aging changes in skin:
Protect your skin from the sun: Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. Apply it 30 minutes before going outside, and reapply every two hours — or more often if you’re swimming or sweating.
Wear protective clothing: Cover your skin with long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and a wide-brimmed hat when you’re outside.
Avoid smoking: This can help prevent wrinkles and age spots. It also helps keep your skin moist and smooth.
Eat a healthy diet: Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help your skin look its best.
Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water helps keep your skin moist and soft.
Exercise: This helps improve blood flow and gives your skin a healthy glow.
All AETHEION® products contain the proprietary Redox Technology, which combats the effects of aging on the skin by providing a constant flow of antioxidants to cells. Redox Technology is a unique science that prevents and treats aging skin by reducing oxidative stress at the cellular level.
This process is achieved through a redox reaction, which transfers electrons from one molecule to another. The result is a constant flow of electrons that helps to neutralize free radicals and prevent cell damage.