International Women's Day is when women are recognized worldwide for their achievements in areas such as art, sports, law, medicine, science, and politics. We celebrate this important holiday on March 8th.
July 8th, 1857 was the day that marked the start of International Women's Day after a proclamation by an activist named Clara Zetkin at the International Conference of Working Women. International Women's Day was first acknowledged by the United Nations in 1975.
The March 8th tradition in Eastern Europe of “women in black” began before 1991, when International Women's Day was first acknowledged by the United Nations.
In 1908, a lot of unrest and critical debate was happening amongst women. There was much inequality and oppression, which spurred women to become more vocal and campaign for change. Later that year, 15,000 women marched through NYC demanding better pay, voting rights, and shorter working hours.
In 1909, by a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first International Women's Day happened in the United States on February 28th. Women celebrated National Women's Day on the last Sunday of February until 1913.
In 1910, Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of International Women's Day. She proposed a celebration each year on the same day in every country.
In 1911, International Women's Day was celebrated for the first time in Denmark, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. On March 25th, the tragedy Triangle Fire in NYC claimed the lives of 140 working women.
From 1913 to 1914, Russian women celebrated their first National Women's Day on February 23rd, the last Sunday of February. International Women's Day was agreed to be set for 8th March.
In 1917, on the last Sunday of February, Russian women began a strike for Bread and Peace due to the death of around 2 million Russian soldiers during WW1. Women continued to strike for four days until the Czar abdicated and were granted the right to vote.
In 1975, the United Nations celebrated its first International Women's Day.
In 1996, the United Nations declared the first theme, “Celebrating the Past, Planning for the Future.”
In 2000, there wasn't much International Women's Day activity in many countries.
In 2001, the internationalwomensday.com platform was launched to re-energize the holiday.
In 2011, the world celebrated the 100-year centenary of International Women's Day. President Obama proclaimed March 2011 as “Women's History Month.” In the UK, Annie Lennox led a march across one of London's famous bridges to raise awareness and support for the movement.
2021 and Moving Forward – Women have undoubtedly come a long way when fighting for freedom and rights, but there is still a long way to go. Many people mistakenly believe that women have achieved true equality. However, many women are still not paid the same as their male counterparts and aren't yet represented in equal numbers in business and politics. Violence against women is still rampant. Fortunately, progress has been made. There are female prime ministers, astronauts, and athletes. Women have the right to vote; most countries offer them the right to make decisions about their health and fertility and to work and study.
Women's day celebration events are many. Some include International Women's Day dinners, brunches, lunches, gifts, flowers, International Women's Day speakers, International Women's Day pink hats, and International Women's Day marches.
The significance of International Women's Day also greatly focuses on the women's rights movement, which tackles issues such as gender equality, reproductive rights, and abuse and violence against women.
International Women's Day is a day to celebrate:
The theme for International Women's Day on 8th March 2022 is Break The Bias. Bias, whether unconscious or deliberate, still makes it difficult for women to keep moving forward. The colors purple, green, and white symbolize International Women's Day. Purple signifies justice and dignity, green signifies hope, and white represents purity.
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