Causes of Keratosis Pilaris – Keratosis pilaris is a skin condition that results in the appearance of what looks to be similar to chicken bumps on arms, legs, and other parts of the body. These bumps are often mistaken for acne, but keratosis pilaris is a harmless condition that can be treated with over-the-counter moisturizers. Keratosis pilaris is caused by a build-up of keratin, a protein that is found in the skin. The keratin can accumulate and block the hair follicles, causing the bumps to form.
Keratosis pilaris can affect any area of the body, but it is most commonly seen on the arms, legs, and buttocks.
Causes of Keratosis Pilaris
The causes of keratosis pilaris may include a number of different factors that can contribute to its development. Keratosis pilaris in adults may happen due to:
- Dry skin: Dry skin is one of the most common causes of keratosis pilaris. When the skin is dry, it is more susceptible to the build-up of keratin.
- Heredity: Keratosis pilaris is often hereditary, meaning that it can be passed down from parents to children.
- Allergies: Allergies can also contribute to the development of keratosis pilaris. When you are exposed to an allergen, your body may produce more keratin as a way to protect itself.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during puberty or pregnancy, can also trigger the condition.
- Certain medical conditions: There are a few medical conditions that are associated with keratosis pilaris, including atopic dermatitis and ichthyosis Vulgaris.
If you are experiencing chicken bumps on your arms, legs, or other parts of the body, it is important to see a doctor in order to determine the cause. Treatment for keratosis pilaris will vary depending on the underlying cause.
Risk Factors of Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris in adults is common in people with:
- Dry skin
- Celtic ancestry
- hay fever
- children or adolescents
Though most people are susceptible to this skin condition, it’s mainly common in children and teenagers. Keratosis pilaris typically begins in late infancy or during adolescence. It usually clears up once a person reaches their mid-20s, with the condition fully gone by their 30s. Keratosis pilaris is most common in people with fair skin.
Symptoms of Keratosis Pilaris
The symptoms of keratosis pilaris can vary from person to person. They may include:
- Red or brown bumps on the skin
- Rough, bumpy texture to the skin
- Dry, itchy skin
- Swelling or inflammation around the bumps
- Appearance of blackheads or whiteheads around the bumps
Treatment for Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris is a benign condition and does not require any treatment. However, if the bumps are bothersome or if they persist for a long time, there are some options to help lessen the condition.
Treatment for keratosis pilaris will vary depending on the underlying cause.
Use of over-the-counter moisturizers: The best treatment for keratosis pilaris includes moisturizing the skin. Over-the-counter moisturizers can help to reduce the dryness of the skin and improve the appearance of keratosis pilaris. Some of the best moisturizers for keratosis pilaris include:
- Petroleum jelly
If moisturizers do not help reduce the appearance of keratosis pilaris, other treatments that may be considered include:
- Alpha hydroxy acids
- Topical corticosteroids
- Photodynamic therapy
Exfoliation: Regular exfoliation can help to remove the dead skin cells that can contribute to the build-up of keratin.
Use of prescription medications: In some cases, a doctor may prescribe medication to help treat the underlying cause of keratosis pilaris.
Laser therapy: Laser therapy may be recommended for severe cases of keratosis pilaris. This treatment uses a laser to remove the build-up of keratin from the skin.
Home Remedies for Keratosis Pilaris
Another best treatment for keratosis pilaris includes different home remedies. Home remedies for keratosis pilaris include:
- Use of a humidifier: A humidifier can help to moisturize the skin and may be helpful in reducing the symptoms of keratosis pilaris.
- Use of coconut oil: Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer that can help to hydrate the skin. It can also help to reduce the inflammation and redness associated with keratosis pilaris.
- Use of oatmeal: Oatmeal has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to soothe the skin. It can be used as a bath additive or in a topical oatmeal cream.